Glossary |Terms and phrases used in the professional trading community.

Order types |Order names used to execute trades in the industry.



Aggressive buyers | Orders that come into the market at the offer.  This is done with a buy market order where the trader goes and lifts the offer.

Aggressive sellers |Orders that come into the market on the bid.  This is done with a sell market order where the trader goes and hits the bid.

Asset Allocation | When traders/investors get out of stocks, for fear, and into something safer like treasuries [bonds/notes].  Also, the opposite- when they sell bonds they reallocate into stocks.

Bears | Trader that anticipate a markets price will move lower.

Break or Breaking | A markets price moving lower.

Bulls | Traders that anticipate a markets price will mover higher.

Buy Stops Above | Buy orders above a price area of where a market is currently trading, usually market orders. These have accumulated enough to get the market to increase tempo and prices can rally quickly to the upside.

Bid Bid | When a market upticks or rallies by 2 tics and the current offer goes bid and the next offer goes bid.

Chop | Constant range consolidation and without direction.  No follow through.

Divergence | When markets, that generally relate, start to pull apart, i.e., when one market that often correlates to another market starts to decouple.

Edge Alert Levels | These are support and resistance levels that are members only access.  These zones are areas that a market will go to and usually rotate out of that can be used has a place to cover or initiate a position.  These areas are where you should expect to see battle grounds or “lines in the sand.”

First Push, Second Push | A market rallies, for example, rotates or retraces lower then pushes back at or near the high of the previous rally. . . that would be the first push or test of that extreme.

First Move, Second Move | Slightly different than a push, whereas, a market rallies then retraces enough away from the high of that move then rallies all the way back to test it again in a second move altogether.

Heavy | A market that’s heavy has a probability of weakening as longs are accumulating and getting trapped.

Higher Highs | When a markets price trades through or above a previous day high or swing high.

Hold the bid | When a market keeps the bid and sellers can’t seem to take it offered or when they do, it comes back bid.

Hold the offer |  When the market stays offered and the buyers can’t seem to take it bid.  When they do it goes back offer.

In the Market | Generally speaking, when someone has an open position, long/short.

Inverse Relationships | Two markets that act or react opposite.  When one goes up the other goes down.

Long | A position where a trader buys first, anticipating a markets price will move up.

Line in the Sand | These are anticipated areas where other traders may be trapped from, longs trapped would create a resistance level above the markets current price.  Trapped shorts would create support, below where the markets current price.  Also,these are battle grounds where buyers (bulls) and sellers (bears) will most likely defend. Another phrase for support and resistance.

Liquidity | A dimension of volume measuring the amount of traders willing to take risk in that particular market.

Lower Lows | When a markets price moves through or below a previous day low or swing low.

Offer Offer | When a market down ticks by 2 ticks and the current bid goes offer and the bid below that goes offer.

Puke or to Puke | Getting out of a losing position – Buying it to cover a short or selling to cover a long position.

Rally | A market moving higher.

Retracement | A move in a markets price that was counter to the previous move.

Rotation | When a market curls over or hooks.  It moves counter to the previous move.  Also, a smaller version of a retracement.

Scalping | A trader who takes several dozens, in fact, hundreds of trades/positions taken a day, looking for small winners, small losers, and many scratches.

Scratch | Break even or getting out at some price you got in.

Sell Stops Below | Sell orders below where the markets price is currently trading, can increase tempo and cause prices to move lower.

Short | A position where a trader sells first, anticipating a markets price will go down.

Short in the Hole | Typically a “short” position at or near the lows of a move or low of the day.

Spoos | Slang for S&P E-mini (ES)

Stuck Shorts | Trapped sellers usually shorter-term traders that have to cover (buy). Markets price is higher than where they opened the position.

Stuck Longs | Trapped buyers usually shorter-term traders that have to cover (sell).  Markets price is lower than where they opened the position.

Supply coming in/out | Influx of trades being closed or opened in a certain area.

Volume | Number of contracts that trade or get transacted.

Volume being let out | A price or area of prices where there’s more volume accumulating than normal.

10 Year | 10 year notes or ZN.

30 Year | 30 year Bonds or ZB.


Order Types

Resting bid | A limit buy order below the current market price.

Resting offer | A limit sell order above the current market price.

Limit Bid [passive buyer] | An order alongside other bid or buy orders.

Limit Offer [passive seller] | An order alongside other offers or sell orders.

Buy Market Order [aggressive buyer] | An order to buy at the most advantageous price or the lowest price traders are willing to sell.

Sell Market Order [aggressive seller] | An order to sell at the most advantageous price or the highest price traders are willing to buy.

Stop order | An order placed above or below the current markets price that is executed only when that price trades.   An order to cover a position when the price moves against you. This order is designed to limit losses or in some cases to lock in a certain level of profit. As soon as the price of the product hits the stop-loss price (or falls below), the order becomes a market order.

Stop limit order | A stop order that designates a price limit. Unlike the stop order, which becomes a market order once the stop is reached, the stop-limit order becomes a limit order and will not execute anywhere else but that price.

Order Cancels Order [OCO] | Two related orders, when one gets executed the other order automatically cancels.